Treatment options for children and adolescent trauma survivors can include cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and crisis management to reduce anxiety, worry, and fear of repeated trauma. Play therapy is an effective method often used with young children with posttraumatic stress disorder because they often have difficulty dealing with trauma directly. Cases in which a child or adolescent is acting out sexually in response to a sexual trauma or in which he or she may be using drugs or alcohol as a coping mechanism as a result of trauma often require additional treatment modalities.
For this Assignment, review the media program Trauma and consider the symptomology of PTSD and how trauma can affect children and adolescents. Then, select a different type of childhood or adolescent trauma from the one you selected for the Discussion. Consider the posttraumatic stress symptoms that are likely to occur and what type of treatment interventions you might use to treat the child or adolescent. Also, think about how you might support or educate parents or guardians as they attempt to support their child or adolescent.
The Assignment (2–3 pages):
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- Describe a major trauma or event that may occur to children and/or adolescents.
- Describe three potential symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder that may occur as a result of the major trauma or event, and explain why these symptoms may occur.
- Describe one intervention you might use in treating this type of trauma. Justify the selection of your intervention using the week’s resources and current literature.
- Explain two ways you might educate or support the parents/guardians as they help their child or adolescent through the trauma. Be specific.
Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are asked to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the week’s resources for this course.
Herrera, A. V., Benjet, C., Méndez, E., Casanova, L., & Medina- Mora, M. E. (2017). How mental health interviews conducted alone, in the presence of an adult, a child or both affects adolescents’ reporting of psychological symptoms and risky behaviors. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 46(2), 417-428.
As you review this article, consider PTSD in children and adolescents. Focus on treatment and implications for clinicians.
Stover, C. S., Hahn, H., Im, J. J. Y., & Berkowitz, S. (2010). Agreement of parent and child reports of trauma exposure and symptoms in the early aftermath of a traumatic event. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, 2(3), 159–168.
As you review this article, focus on how improving parental understanding of child and/or adolescent trauma might impact treatment outcomes.
Laureate Education (Producer). (2014i). Trauma [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 31 minutes.
In this media program, Drs. John Sommers-Flanagan and Eliana Gil discuss the difference when working with children and adolescent clients who have experienced trauma. Focus on the techniques used when working with children and adolescent clients.
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