Geopolitical and phenomenological place influences the context of a population or community assessment and intervention in a way that geopolitical community has geographic boundaries that can be man-made of natural. Man-made boundaries because bridges or buildings. Natural made boundaries can be mountains or bodies of water. Legal boundaries are created by the country, state or city. Boundaries such as these may isolate groups of people and/or separate groups of people.
Adversely, phenomenological community is when a group of community share beliefs, values, interests, relationships or goals. Communities such as these include social and religious groups and they do not have to share boundaries such as man-made or natural boundaries. In these communities it is harder to send a message to them.
The nursing process is used to assist in identifying health issues and creating interventions appropriate to the population. For example, screenings as primary interventions or referrals for communities that may have possible language barriers. Cultural barriers may be a challenge to nurses, therefore nurses must assess this possibility and gain knowledge of the community’s culture and practices.
Caraccioli, M. J. (2009). Re-thinking place in international relations: phenomenology and the geopolitics of knowledge in Latin American-US relations.
Maurer, F. A., & Smith, C. M. (2012). Community/public health nursing practice: Health for families and populations. Elsevier Health Sciences.
Geopolitical and phenomenological greatly influence the context of a population, community assessment, and intervention due to the many factors that differ from region to region. Geopolitical factors such as infrastructure, weather, bodies of water and mountains affect an individual’s health. The weather of a specific region could cause health issues and natural disasters, such as mudslides and avalanches, and therefore leading to illness and death. The availability of fresh drinking water is imperative and the lack of this important resource could cause the spread of deadly viruses and harmful bacteria that could have devastating effects on the entire community. Phenomenological factors include religion, language, culture, values, traditions, education, and economics of a population (Green, 2018). Phenomenology is a first-person point of view and the study of an individual’s conscious structure. The nursing diagnosis is used to identify local and global health issues by completing an individualized assessment. Through this assessment, the nurse is able to identify cultural considerations and traditions, as well as language barriers that may affect the individual’s health including diet and exercise regime. The information gathered from the assessment allows the nurse to create appropriate interventions by implementing the patient’s preferred learning style, religious preference, and any disabilities the individual may have that would prevent them from participating in their nursing care plan. Screenings and referrals are also created with these considerations in mind. Community-based screenings and referrals depend on the cultural values and the accessibility of health care in that area.
Green, S. (2018) Populations as clients. In Grand Canyon University (Ed.). Community & public health: The future of health care. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/