A. Select a specific outbreak that has occurred within the last 50 years that included human to human
transmission that crossed at least one international border.
• Influenza • Measles • Respiratory syndrome coronavirus • Meningococcal disease • HIV/AIDS • Ebola virus • Hepatitis B • Hepatitis C • Tuberculosis • Zika virus
The task should be written in a narrative form.
B. Description of a chosen international outbreak
• Name of the disease
• The two countries involved
• The date the outbreak started from the original source and the dates it was discovered in each
subsequent country. (Minimum number of countries involved is two).
• Number of cases reported during this specific outbreak
B1. Epidemiological Determinants and Risk Factors
Analyze the EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DETERMINANTS and RISK FACTORS of this specific outbreak that you
have presented in section B.
What are epidemiological determinants? A determinant is anything that increases disease frequency in a
population. Risk Factors and Transmission are both epidemiological determinants. However, you should discuss
other determinants relevant to your outbreak here such as infectivity (how easily it is spread?), virulence (how
deadly is it?), mode of transmission (Vector? Contact? Aerosol?), climate considerations (i.e. does the vector
survive arid or cold temperatures?), antigenic stability (i.e. Influenza) and any other appropriate variable.
Risk factors typically address the condition of the host (patient) and environment. Examples of risk factors
would be age, occupation, immune-compromised status, unvaccinated status, lack of prior exposure to the
disease, smoking, living in close quarters (i.e. military, prisons, college dormitories), vector exposure, etc.
B2. Route of Transmission
Refer to cohort.
B3. Impact in My Community at a Systems Level
Refer to the Cohort
(e.g., the functioning of schools, local government, businesses, hospitals). Remember: These are your
thoughts/ideas related to a hypothetical situation should a worst-case scenario of an outbreak impact your
B4. Reporting Protocol for an Outbreak in My Community
Refer to Cohort
Many states have legislation related to communicable disease reporting protocol. Be specific in terms of your
B5. Two Strategies to Prevent an Outbreak in My Community
Refer to Cohort
(e.g., patient education strategies, community education strategies).
C. Submit a PDF of your score summary from Bentonville that includes the following activities:
· Influenza in Bentonville
· Community Advocacy
· Emergency Responses
· Communicable Disease
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