Directions on Research Problem Solving paper:

Directions on Research Problem Solving paper:
This is criminal justice problem solving paper I must write on how to reduce the rate of recidivism in offenders.  I submitted a problem proposal form to my professor in which I lightly explain how I will resolve this issue,therefore it is important to resolve the issue based on that that I wrote. I will add to this document the problem proposal form where I identifythe solution of this issue “Review all of the current rehabilitation programs and treatment services that are being provided for the offenders that are being incarcerated and see if there is any way to revamp or possibly create new community based programs.  Make recommendations that will allow the state to accomplish the purpose of reducing the rate of recidivism in offenders.”  It does not only have to be only one way to solve the issue, but it is important I address what I put on the proposal form (what is highlighted) . I must have 10 scholarly sources in total (including or not the one on the proposal form, which I addressed three) in other words, all three of them must be used in the research paper with an additional 7, BUT if you don’t find the ones I mentioned in the proposal helpful to write the research, you can remove the ones I have and add another ones. As long as there is 10 in total.
In addition, I will attach the instructions for writing my research solving paper below the proposal form; it specifies clearly by the instructor the requirements as in the number of pages, what is needed as a minimum to be included in the body of the paper.
A.    Identify the specific problem to be addressed and solved:
How to reduce the rate of recidivism in offenders.
B: Identify the administrator (police chief, president judge, warden, etc.) and type     of     agency (police, courts, corrections, etc.) facing this problem.
The administrator facing this problem is the commissioner of Department of Correction (Commissioner Coup).  Type of agency facing this problem is Department of Corrections.
C.Explain in detail why your problem is an important or a serious concern for the identified criminal justice, police, court or corrections administrator.
The problem of increased rate of recidivism is important and a serious concern for the Department of Corrections because there is only so many offenders that the states can house within the correctional facilities available, if there are too many offenders within the facilities, overcrowding happen, and leads to violence in prisons such as physical abuse, and other additional problems.
D.    Explain or describe the specific potential negative consequence(s) or impact(s) if the problem is not properly addressed by the identified administrator.
If the problem of reducing the rate of recidivism is not properly addressed, the administrator will have to face additional problems such as overcrowding.  Due to overcrowding, the less serious offenders are being released without proper rehabilitation time. If we do not adequately rehabilitate these offenders will most likely reoffend for a more serious crime and with this, back to the correctional system.
E.    Provide some information about what you hope to accomplish in your Paper regarding the problem and how that would assist the identified administrator.
Review all of the current rehabilitation programs and treatment services that are being provided for the offenders that are being incarcerated and see if there is any way to revamp or possibly create new community based programs.  Make recommendations that will allow the state to accomplish the purpose of reducing the rate of recidivism in offenders.
F.    Proposed problem is related to the which Goal and Course Learning     Outcome(s) located in the Course Information and Schedule located in the Syllabus     area of the Course menu (provide both the numbers and what the Goal and the     Outcome(s) state):
Week 5:
CHAPTER 10 OBJECTIVES (Corrections Organization and Operation; pages 200-230)
10-1    Describe the general features of a correctional organization in the United States, including the
levels of correctional incarceration, employment, expenditures, and several factors affecting
prison and jail populations
10-6.    Relate the nature and extent of litigation by prison and jail inmates, including the rationale,
provisions, and impact of the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA)
CHAPTER 11 OBJECTIVES (Corrections Personnel Roles & Functions; pages 231-248)
11-1.    Describe in general the duties of prison, jail, and probation and parole administrators and their
11-2.    Review the type of training that is available to new wardens to help them be successful, and the
principles of good prison leadership
11-5.    Relate the duties and types of correctional officers
11-6.    Delineate and describe several key issues for, and practices of prison administrators, to include
achieving racial balance, managing staff deviance, and maintaining appropriate staff-inmate
11-7.    Explain how jail administrators can motivate and retain jail employees
CHAPTER 12 OBJECTIVES (Corrections Issues & Practices; pages 248 – 272)
12-2.    Delineate several issues and problems concerning inmate populations: sexual and physical
violence, issuing condoms to inmates, hostage taking, and dealing with mentally ill and geriatric inmates
12-4.    Describe the problem and possible solutions of drugs in prisons and jails
12-5.    Articulate the general approach used to drug abuse by a therapeutic community, and kind of
approaches that seem to work best
J.    List in APA Format, three scholarly references of the required 10 that might be used    in your paper.
K., & Thomas, M. F. (2015, September 25). RECIDIVISM IN DELAWARE An Analysis of Prisoners Released in 2008 through 2010. Retrieved from in Delaware; An Analysis of Prisoners Released in 2008-2010.pdf
State of Delaware – Search and Services/Information. (n.d.). Retrieved February 06, 2016, from
T. C., & J. W. (n.d.). Pennsylvania Department of Corrections Recidivism Report 2013. Retrieved from
Instructions on Administration of Criminal Justice
Course Problem Solving Research Paper Requirements and Instructions
I. Introduction
1.     A major componentof this course is the completion of a Course Problem Solving Paper (160 points             or 20% of the total points possible for the Course).
2.    The Course Problem Solving Paper must include primary source material addressing a specific                 contemporary and important or serious problem requiring a solution by an administrator of a criminal             justice agency such as police, courts, probation and parole or corrections as well as be related to                 one or more of the Course Goals and Learning Outcomes and Textbook Chapter Objectives.
1.    Papers submitted without specific Instructor approval of the problem to be     addressed will                 receive a grade of zero
a.   All too often in the real world, attempts are made to solve problems before the problems are                     precisely identified. Prior approval of the problem to be addressed is required to insure that                     before beginning research, students are researching legitimate problems and then writing and                 submitting papers/reports that meet the requirements rather than learning after submission,                     that the problems contained in the papers/reports were not properly identified nor addressed.
b.    It might be easier for both the students and Instructor, if a listing of problems were made                         available for students to simply select one from. Although easier, that process may not serve                     the student well in learning how to solve problems since that eliminates learning and gaining                     experience in correctly identifying a problem to be solved, which is a major important but often                 difficult component of the problem solving process.
2.    Students must submit a completed Problem Proposal Form/Template to the Instructor by                         the end of the first week of the course. Submit the Problem Proposal Form/Template via                         the     Problem Proposal Form Assignment Link in the Week One Activities area, no later                         than the end of Week One of the course.
3.    A blank Problem Proposal Form/Template is provided in an attachment in this folder. That                     Form/Template in Word format in the attachment should be used by students to                                 submit Proposals.When using the Form/Template, keep the instructions on the form and simply                 provide responses after each instruction or question.
E.    If you have questions, please ask. I would rather grade a good paper than a poorly written paper. I want         you to be successful and learn. I would rather assist you in the preparation than have to make critical             comments in the grading process. Again, the Wilmington University Library web site or the University’s         Student Success Center both have information about grammar, writing and APA Format that may be             useful. Access to the Library may be made through the “Library” area located in the Course Menu.             Access to the Student Success Center can be made either through the Library or through the link                 provided in this Syllabus area.
II. Paper Requirements and Instructions
A. Problem/Topic Information:
1.    Students are required to identify a problem which must:
a.    be a contemporary and important or serious problem requiring a solution by an administrator of a criminal justice agency such as police, courts, probation and parole or corrections,
b.     if not properly addressed, will result in specific negative impact(s) upon the administrator and/or his/her agency, and
c.     be related to one or more of the Course Goals and Learning Outcomes and Textbook Chapter                 Objectives.(See the Class Information and Schedule in the Syllabus area in the Course Menu                 to the left of your screen for a listing of the Course Goals and Learning Outcomes as well as the                 Listing of Textbook Chapter Objectives in another section of the Syllabus).
2.    The problem selected should not be so broad or general in scope that the Paper results in asuperficial, general orsummary overview of information about the problem but onewhich requires research by a student as to the relevant information available about the problem, analysis of that information and then student recommendations as to what is the best course of action which could  be followed by an administrator to address the problem in his/her agency.
3.     In attempting to identify a problem for the Paper, the student should assume the administrator has     some training and understands general basic information on many administrative subjects including     historical informationabout a subject but often there is a specific need for more information (legal     requirements, current professional standards, solutions recommended or warnings issued by     experts), on a specific problem within a subject area that an administrator must have in order to     make decisions as to what to do in regard to solving a problem.
4.     As you consider a possible problem for use as the topic, ask yourself if itis too general and broad or     does it identify a specific problem that a CJ administrator (chief or commissioner of a police     agency, president judge of a court system, or the commissioner or warden of a prison) might have     requiring some research on what is currently available information that you can analyze                 and then determine what needs to be done to correct and resolve it to avoid any negative     impact(s)?For example:
(a). One might think that the topic of Homeland Security would be an important concern and it             is, however most administrators already know something about that subject due to their                 education, training or experience in an organization.
(b). Within that general subject, specific problems might be:
(1).    Are there any weaknesses in the Department of Homeland Security’s requirements for                 local law enforcement and what must be done to correct     them;
(2). What are the Federally mandated Homeland Security requirements for a local law                     enforcement agency and how does an administrator implement them into an agency’s                 operations?
5.    If you are having a problem selecting a topic, look through the Table of Contents, the     Chapters, and      the     Index of your Textbook, the Course Learning Outcomes, and the List of Textbook Chapter     Objectives. Select an item that is a problem and is not fully covered that also meets the         requirements of the paragraphs above and which requires more reading and research to assist you    in more fully understanding the subject and its impact upon the administration of a criminal justice     agency.
6.    It is strongly suggested that a previous paper from another course not be used due to the specific     requirements stated above.Many Course/Term Paper topics often result insimply providing     information     about a topic and do not involve using a problem solving process. Students previously     attempting to use a paper from another course, even with the permission from both the current and     former instructors, have not been very successful in relating the material from the previous paper to     the     specific focus for this paper resulting in a paper not only failing to meet the requirements but     also not eligible for the best grade possible.
7.    After selecting a problem, submit it with the other required information on a Problem Proposal     Form/Template for grading and approval of the topic from the Instructor before commencing work     on the paper.
8.    If after submitting the problem on the approval form, and if further communication between the     student     and instructor is needed before approval can be given, the student will be contacted by the     Instructor by email.
9.    The Problem Proposal Form is due the last day of Week One.This then gives a student     approximately 5 weeks to work on the paper.
B.    Paper Length
1.    The paper must be 8-10 pages not counting the title/cover and reference pages.
2.    The paper is to be double spaced.
C.    Source material
1.    Students are required to use 10 differing primary sources in the form of actual text or periodical                 literature. Periodical literature can include academic journals, law journals, professional journals,                 peer reviewed government research reports (such as NIJ Reports), and research projects                     conducted by private agencies such as the RAND Corporation. Web locations or Net resources may             not be scholarly source material.Government web sites containing scholarly research reports,                 research data, and Congressional testimony are acceptable and encouraged.
2.     Wikipedia is unacceptable as an academically reliable reference source.  NO EXCPTIONS.
3.    The Textbook should be listed as a reference and should be cited in the Paper as required in the                 Course Problem Solving Paper Rubric but it will not be counted as one of the required 10 primary                 sources.
Textbook cited: Peak, K. (2016). Justice administration: Police, courts, and corrections management (8th ed., pp. 136-137). University of Nevada, Reno: Pearson Education, Inc.
4.     Newspaper articles and other news sources containing relevant current information may be used                 but only two of those listed will be counted toward the required 10 primary sources.
5.    Other sources may be considered on a case-by-case basis. Ask first.
D.    Paper Due Date
1.    The last day of Week Six.
2.       The Paper MUST be first submitted by the student through the Safe Assign Draft link to check for             Plagiarism. Submit for draft early in Week Six to allow time to read the report and if needed, make         any corrections and then, submit again via the Safe Assign link for grading located in the Week Six         Activities area.
E.     Style Manual
1.    The required style manual for this paper is APA 6th edition.
2.    The Library web site provides resources for using APA 6th edition. That information may be                     accessed through the “Library” area to the left of your screen in the Course Menu. The Student                 Success Center also provides information which can be accessed either through the Library link or             the Student Success Center link in the Syllabus area of the Course Menu.
F.   Academic Dishonesty
1.    Academic Integrity is addressed as a specific topic here, in the current Student Handbook, and in another section of this Syllabus area of the Course Menu. The following are forms of academic dishonesty. These practices will not be tolerated:
a.    Plagiarism:Plagiarism is the inclusion of someone else’s words, ideas, or data as one’s own.                     When a student submits work that includes the words, ideas, or data     of another, the source of                 that information must be acknowledged through     complete, accurate, and specific references,                 and, if verbatim statements are included, through quotation marks or similar denotation as well.                 When the student places his or her name on submitted work, the student certifies the     originality                 of all work not otherwise identified by appropriate acknowledgments. Plagiarism covers                         published and unpublished sources.
b.    Falsification: Falsification consists of deliberately changing results, statistics, or any other kind                 of factual information to make it suit your needs. It also consists of deliberately changing a                     source’s intent by misquoting or taking out of context.
c.    Multiple submissions: If you wish to turn in the same work or use the same research, in whole or                 in part, for more than one course, you must obtain permission to do so from all professors                     involved. Failure to obtain this permission constitutes academic dishonesty. If using a paper or                 research from a paper from or for another course for this course, you need to submit the name                 and number of that other course as well as the name of the Professor and the e-mail address of                 that individual, along with a statement from you that you have contacted that other Professor                     and have his/her permission to submit the paper and/or research for this Course’s Term Paper                 requirement.
2.    This “Syllabus” areaand this folder haveadditional information on these items and Safe Assign.                 You should review that information prior to writing your paper.
G.    Course/Term Paper Format
1.    Title or Cover Page: Page 1 of your paper but it does not count toward the length or minimum                     number of pages in your paper Use APA 6thEdition format precisely for this task.
2.    Abstract Page:
a.     On page 2 of your Paper, an Abstract is provided to give the reader an immediate                             understanding of what your paper is about. An abstract summarizes, the purpose, methods,                     scope, results, conclusions, and recommendations included in your report.Address briefly why                 you did the Paper, what you did, how you did it, what you found, and     what those findings signify
b. The abstract should allow the reader to decide whether or not to read the rest of the Paper.The                 abstract is not a duplication of the introduction in the body of the Paper. The introduction is                     much more extensive.
b.    According to the APA style manual, an abstract should be between 150 to 250 words and that                 is the reason or need for brevity when writing it.
c.      The abstract should be     written as only one paragraph with no indentation.
d.     It is suggested that an Abstract:
(1). Be written last, after you have written the body of your paper.
(2).    Avoid phrases like, “This paper will look at…; I researched” or “it was researched.” Use                         instead words like “research shows.”
3.    Body of the Paper:
a.    The body of the paper with the Title at the top of the page, begins with the Introduction Heading                 and runs continuously with each succeeding heading until the end of the paper).
b.    The Course Problem Solving Paper body must contain the following headings as a minimum:                    (1).    Introduction: (In this section you need to provide an introduction identifying the topic                         and direction your paper is going.)
(2).    Literature Review: (This section requires you to seek out the published information on your                     problem and report it in this section. You cannot include everything so you must choose                         wisely the most relevant information. Use paraphrasing extensively making sure to cite the                     source of the information in the text using the format provided by APA 6th edition. You may                     provide limited use of direct quotes where paraphrasing will lose the intent of the original                         author. Proper citation in the text of the original source is important to avoid Plagiarism.)
(3).    Analysis: (The student will provide an analysis of the critical issues identified
in the literature review. This does not include the student’s recommendations. That is                             presented in the next section).
(4).    Recommendations: (Based on your research of the literature and the identification of the                     critical issues, make recommendations for how you believe an administrator(a police chief                     in a law enforcement organization, president judge, chief prosecuting attorney, chief                             probation officer, warden, etc) should proceed to address the issue, problem, concern.
(5).    Conclusion: (Summarize the paper identifying the main themes you want readers to                             remember about the paper. One or two sentences are inadequate for this task. It usually                         takes a minimum of two well-developed paragraphs to do this and often several paragraphs                     depending on how well you concisely write the summary.)
c.    Additional subheadings may be added at each student’s     discretion.
4.    Reference Page(s): (Does not count toward the number of pages in your paper)(The reference                 page(s) begins with the heading on a new page and lists all references used in the paper. Make                 sure you use APA 6th Edition format to properly list each reference. Cross check your citations in the             text of the Paper with the references listed to make sure they correctly match.)
III. Assessment
A.    Papers will generally be assessed for:
1.    Scholarly research,
2.    Analysis & critical thinking,
3.    Relevance to the problem and solution being addressed in the Paper,
4.    Adherence to:
a.     APA 6th Edition Style Manual, and
b.     the requirements and format identified in this document, as well as the criteria identified in the                 Course Problem Solving Paper Rubric. It is strongly suggested that before submitting the Paper                 for grading, that the Rubric be used by the student as a checklist to ensure that all areas subject                 to grading have been properly addressed by the student.
5.    Organization of the material presented,
6.    Attention to proper grammar, punctuation, spelling, etc.
B.    For specific grading criteria and possible points for those items, see the Course Problem Solving Paper         Rubric located in the Rubric area of the Course Menu.
C.    Common errors made on term papers:
1.    Failure to submit a well prepared proposal
2.    Failure to follow the format requested, especially the use of the required fiveheadings that must be         identified in the body of the paper
3.    Failure to list references in APA 6th Edition format.
4.    Failure to follow the instructions for the paper
5.    The paper is merely descriptive. No analysis is provided.
6.    Failure to properly cite material in the body of the paper using APA 6th Edition format.
7.    Overuse of quotations
8.    Plagiarism. Yes, your work is checked. Fortunately instances of plagiarism are not frequent but             most are caught due to electronic capabilities to identify plagiarism. If not required by an                     Instructor, it is strongly suggested that a Paper be submitted by the student through Safe                     Assign to check for Plagiarism. In this Course, it is required that the Paper be submitted twice             through Safe Assign. It is first submitted early in Week 6 as a draft in time to allow for a draft check         and report back to the student, time for the student to make any corrections if needed and then final         submission for grading through Safe Assign before the end of Week 6 of the Course.
9.    Use of the course textbook as a primary sources. Although the Course Textbook is not counted as         one of the 10 primary sources, it should be listed as a reference and cited in the Paper as frequently         as is needed and indicated in the Course Problem Solving Paper Rubric.
10.    Use of non-approved references
11.    Poorly selected sources, not following the directions on selection of sources
12.    Failure to ask about specific resources that the student is unsure about. Ask if you are unsure.
13.    Use of Wikipedia as a reference. Wikipedia is unacceptable as an academically reliable             source.  NO EXCPTIONS.
14.    Failure to fully research the topics.
15.    Failure to properly edit work resulting in typos, grammatical errors, misspelling, and incorrect                 punctuation.
16.    The paper covers a broad topic rather than narrowing the topic and providing specific information             and analysis. Broad generalizations with no depth of analysis or evidence of intellectual reasoning         will often result in a poor paper.
17.    Failure to use intellectual reasoning; instead, relying on emotional responses to the topics.
18.    Poor organization of main points. Note: Use the required five headings and create subheadings as
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