Normal Accident Theory Versus Culture of Safety discussion

As a team consider the following scenario:

On Dec. 7, 2000, the Cincinnati Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) office heard through media and police reports that there were two deaths at a nursing home in Ohio. OSHA determined that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should take a lead role in performing an investigation.

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Because the nursing home had many residents who had unhealthy respiratory systems, the nursing home routinely ordered and received tanks that contained pure oxygen. During one delivery, the supplier mistakenly delivered one tank of pure nitrogen in addition to the three tanks of pure oxygen that had been ordered. The nitrogen tank had both an oxygen and nitrogen label. An employee at the nursing home connected the nitrogen tank to the nursing home’s oxygen delivery system. This event caused two nursing home residents to die, and three additional nursing home residents were admitted to hospitals in critical condition. Within the following month, two of these three additional residents also died, bringing the total death toll to four.

(Based on accident # 837914 www.osha.gov)

Write a 200 word paper in which you compare the Normal Accident Theory to the Culture of Safety model.

Include the following in your paper:

  • Explain why the FDA, not OSHA, was responsible for investigating this case.

  • Cite at least 1 peer-reviewed, scholarly, or similar references and your textbook to support your assignmen
 
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